Confession is acknowledging in the presence of another human being one’s transgressions, imperfections, personal failings and misdeeds. Some people believe that a Higher Power is present in such events. Confession in its various forms has been an element of nearly every framework of addiction recovery. Brumbaugh (1994) has pointed out an important distinction between the acknowledgement of such transgressions within religious and non-religious frameworks of recovery. In the former, the person receiving the confession is “not vested with the power of absolution;” “atonement is not a function of forgiveness (by another person) but lies in the process of disclosure itself.”
|Continuity of Contact||
Continuity of Contact is a phrase used to underscore the importance of sustained, consistent support over the course of recovery. Such support can come from living within a community of shared experience and hope. The phrase also refers to the reliable and enduring relationship between the recovery coach (recovery support specialist) and the individual being provided recovery management services. Such sustained continuity is in marked contrast to the transience of relationships experienced by those who have moved through multiple levels of care or undergone multiple treatment relationships (see Recovery Support Services).
Conversion is the initiation of recovery through a climactic physical/emotional experience. The potential role of religious/spiritual conversion in remitting alcoholism has been long noted (Rush, 1784; James, 1902). Miller and C’de Baca (2001) have recently referred to such dramatic experiences as “quantum change” and noted that this type of recovery experience was marked by high vividness (intensity), suddenness (unintentional), positiveness and permanence of effect. The history of recovery in America is replete with such powerful transformation experiences: Handsome Lake, John Gough, Dr. Henry Reynolds, Bill Wilson, to name just a few. The behavioral changes elicited in such conversion experiences touch the very core of personal identity and values (see Born Again, Cocoon, Surrender).
Crosstalk is the use of direct responses (feedback, suggestions) to disclosures within a mutual aid meeting. Crosstalk is contrasted with sharing, in which meetings consist of serial monologues. Recovery groups vary widely on their practices regarding sharing and crosstalk. Most Twelve Step groups have discouraged crosstalk. Other groups, like LifeRing Secular Recovery, allocate time for both functions with most of the time devoted to sharing. Some groups such as Moderation Management encourage crosstalk (see Sharing).
|Cultural Pathways of Recovery||
Cultural Pathways of Recovery are culturally or subculturally prescribed avenues through which individuals can resolve alcohol and other drug problems. For example, in societies in which alcohol is a celebrated drug,particularly among men, cultural pathways of recovery constitute those socially accepted ways in which a man can abstain from alcohol and maintain his identity and manhood within that society. Across varied cultural contexts, that pathway might be medical (e.g., an alcohol-related health problem), religious (e.g., conversion and affiliation with an abstinence-based faith community), or political (e.g., rejection of alcohol as an “opiate of the people”).